For today's lecture,
we did a problem titled ' 8+6 story' where each group has to come up with problem story which consist of the equation.
So here is my group's problem story:
John has 8 marbles.
Johnny has 6 marbles.
How many marbles they have altogether?
After each group have presented, Dr. Yeap mentioned that he could see different types of problem story.
1) part  whole problem story
Example:
Ben has 8 pens.
Tim has 6 pens.
How many pens they have altogether?
It has no concept of time of what they have now.
2) before  after problem story
Example:
Lila has 8 pencils.
Shanti gives her 6 more pencils.
How many pencils does Lila have now?
There is a change in lapse of time.
3) comparison problem
Example:
I have $8.
You have $6 more than me.
How much do you have?
Therefore I have learned that there are different types of problem story. It requires the student to be able to understand the problem and visualize in order to solve it. And I found this table that illustrates the different types of word problems.
Problem Type





Join

(Result Unknown)
Connie had 5 marbles. Juan gave her 8 more marbles. How many marbles does Connie have
altogether?

(Change Unknown)
Connie has 5 marbles. How many more marbles does she need to have
13 marbles altogether?

(Start Unknown)
Connie had some marbles. Juan gave her 5 more marbles. Now she has 13 marbles. How many marbles did Connie have to start
with?


Separate

(Result Unknown)
Connie had 13 marbles. She gave 5 to Juan. How many marbles does Connie have left?

(Change Unknown)
Connie had 13 marbles. She gave some to Juan. Now she has 5 marbles left. How may marbles did Connie give to Juan?

(Start Unknown)
Connie had some marbles. She gave 5 to Juan. Now she has 8 marbles left. How many marbles did Connie have to start
with?


PartPartWhole

(Whole Unknown)
Connie has 5 red marbles and 8 blue
marbles. How many marbles does she
have?

(Part Unknown)
Connie has 13 marbles. Five are red and the rest are blue. How many blue marbles does Connie have?


Compare

(Difference Unknown)
Connie has 13 marbles. Juan has 5 marbles. How many more marbles does Connie have than
Juan?

(Compare Quantity Unknown)
Juan has 5 marbles. Connie has 8 more than Juan. How many marbles does Connie have?

(Reference Unknown)
Connie has 13 marbles. She has 5 more marbles than Juan. How many marbles does Juan have?

Dr Yeap also shared some significant information on what are the basic knowledge a K2 child should posses before going to P1.
1) Language  to read, to communicate with peers
2) Concrete Experiences  plenty of concrete experiences leads to visualization and imagination.
3)Number Sense
4) Patterns
5) Social skills
:)
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